What is fair wear and tear?

Fair wear and tear (FWT) means the normal deterioration or ageing of the premises or inclusions which occurs over the course of the tenancy because of ordinary use of the premises by the tenant. FWT allows for the tenant’s reasonable use and enjoyment of the premises. Damage caused by tenants is not FWT. As a tenant you are responsible for leaving the place clean and in the same condition as at the start of the tenancy except for FWT.

It is relatively common the end of a tenancy to have a disputes about what is FWT or damage and this may result in a bond dispute. To prevent a dispute it is important for a tenant to complete an Entry Condition Report at the start of the tenancy and provide and complete an Exit Condition Report at the end of the tenancy. Examples of FWT include minor chips and small marks on walls, scuff marks on floors/carpets, wearing away of a tap washer or faded curtains due to sun exposure.

Whether something is regarded as fair wear and tear will depend on factors such as the age and type of building materials of the house or unit, the condition of the property at the start of the tenancy and any repairs carried out during the tenancy to maintain the property.

For more information please see our factsheet.

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